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Facts and Figures

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Figure 1, Department for Gender & Diversity Management

Gender Distribution at the University of Cologne

(all figures refer to the reporting year 2017)

At the University of Cologne (UoC), women are represented to an above-average degree at almost all qualification levels and in all status groups compared to the state and national average (see Gender Report 2016, Women's & Gender Research Network NRW). In the nationwide "Higher Education Ranking according to Gender Aspects 2017" (cf. CEWS, 2017), the University of Cologne ranks among the top three universities in NRW out of a total of ten and, in a nationwide comparison with other universities, among the top 30 percent in terms of the representation of women and men at the various qualification levels.

A closer look, however, reveals clear differences both in terms of gender distribution at the individual qualification levels and in terms of the individual faculties and subjects.

Students and Doctorates
In 2017, 61% of students at the UoC were female (see Figure 2: Students, graduates and doctorates). However, this proportion varies greatly depending on the faculty (and also the subject). The highest proportion of women was recorded by the Faculty of Human Sciences with around 83%. It is lowest in the Faculties of Management, Economics and Social Sciences and Mathematics and Natural Sciences with 46% each. These shares cannot be maintained at the doctoral level. In percentage terms, the proportion of female doctoral candidates is 67% at the Faculty of Human Sciences, for example, and only 33% at the Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences. A total of 52% of doctoral students at the UoC are female.

Postdocs
The postdoctoral group is characterized by various factors. The proportion of women in habilitations is 24%. Here, the proportion of women has increased significantly in recent years (8% in 1990). At the same time, this group has experienced strong fluctuations in recent years, which can be explained on the one hand by the low absolute number of habilitations per year (46 in 2017) and on the other hand by the declining importance of habilitations in favour of other career paths. The proportion of women among junior professors is 55% overall and 30% among research group leaders (see Figure 3: Postdoctoral students).

Professors
In 2017, the proportion of female professors reached 30% for the first time (all salary brackets). On closer inspection, however, this is mainly due to the high proportion of visiting and deputy professors. In the group of W2 professorships, the proportion of women is 29% and in the group of W3 professorships only 22%. The appointment rate of women (W1 to W3) across all faculties was 31% in the years 2015-2017 (see Figure 5: New appointments).

Academic staff and staff in technology and administration as well as university management
There is an almost balanced gender ratio among the other academic staff: 52% of the academic staff at the UoC are female. The proportion of women in technical and administrative staff clearly exceeds the 50% mark at 71%. However, it can also be seen here that the proportion of women is lower at the higher management levels in administration (Vice-Chancellor, Chancellor, Heads of Department and Staff Units). In November 2018 it was 43%, but only 29% at departmental management level (see Figure 6: University management).

In the self-administration bodies at management level, women are represented by at least one quarter in 2018: 25% at rectorate level, 50% each in the University Council and the Senate, 33% among Deans and 30% among Vice-Deans.

Conclusion
In summary, the UoC can boast a high proportion of women at almost all qualification levels, especially among students. This means that it has a large pool of talented potential young female scientists at its disposal. The continuous increase in the proportion of female professors to 30% in 2017 is a particular success. Despite this progress, the figures also show that women are under-represented in some areas and in some faculties/subjects and that the equality targets have not yet been achieved, especially at the postdoctoral level and in management positions. It is therefore essential to continue promoting the next generation of female academics and to recruit female professors and female managers in administration.

The current detailed figures can be found in the Gender Data Report 2018 (only available in German).

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Figure 2, Department for Gender & Diversity Management
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Figure 3, Department for Gender & Diversity Management
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Figure 4, Department for Gender & Diversity Management
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Figure 5, Department for Gender & Diversity Management
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Figure 6, Department for Gender & Diversity Management

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Diversity at the University of Cologne

Results of the First-Year Student Survey and Graduate Tracer Studies

In its report "Diversity at the University of Cologne: Results of the New Student Survey and Survey of Graduates", the Evaluation of Studies and Teaching | Higher Education Research of the University of Cologne compares students and graduates from non-academic and academic backgrounds, with and without a migration background, as well as with and without family obligations.

In the following we have collected specific data from the report. Further information on the individual surveys can be found on the respective pages of the Evaluation of Studies and Teaching | Higher Education Research of the University of Cologne and in the report "Diversity at the University of Cologne" (only available in German).


First-Year Student Survey and Graduate Tracer Studies

The University of Cologne invites all students to take part in the First-Year Student Survey towards the end of their first semester. Depending on the semester, the participation period is from June to August or from January to March. The survey takes place online and takes about 15 minutes. The aim is to find out how the group of students is composed in order to gain a better understanding of the students' needs.

Since 2008, the University of Cologne has conducted annual Graduate Tracer Studies in order to gain an insight into the academic development and connections between studying at the University of Cologne and the professional success of graduates. The survey period is from October to February, i.e. in the winter semester following graduation.

Results of theFirst-Year Student Survey and Graduate Tracer Studies

Of the students who began their studies in the summer semester 2018 and winter semester 2017/2018, 39% come from non-academic backgrounds and almost one third (31%) have a migration background. 5% of first-year students stated that they have children to look after and 3 % stated that they care for relatives. 6% of the students have a chronic illness or disability.

43% of the graduates of the examination year 2016 come from non-academic backgrounds. 23% of the graduates from this group have a migration background. 9% of graduates have at least one child living in their own household. They thus belong to the group of students with a family obligation. 15% of graduates have a chronic illness or disability.

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Image: Department for Gender & Diversity Management

For information on the student droput rates and tendencies, academic success and student financing, please refer to the report "Diversity at the University of Cologne: Results of the Survey of First-Year Students, Graduates and Exmatriculated Students" (only available in German).